These evergreen terrestrial or epiphytic ferns have short rhizomes and usually wiry spreading runne
Nephrolepis exaltata is considered as being a serious invasive plant, forming dense monocultures. It has 50 to 250cm (20 to 98 inch) long and 6 to 15cm (2 to 6 inch) broad in tufted clusters arising from underground rhizomes.
The individual pinnae (leaflets) are as much as 2 to 8cm (1 to 3 inch) long and shallowly toothed, but not further divided. The pinnate vein pattern is also visible on these highly compound leaves.The round sori (clusters of spore-bearing organs) are in two rows near the margins on the underside of the pinnae.The fronds grow upright at first, then arch gracefully downwards. They grow in lovely arching rosette shaped and spread by runne